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Cichorium intybus L.
CHICORY
Chickory

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Asteraceae   Cichorium

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Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus

Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus

Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus

Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Cichorium intybus

Cichorium intybus, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, whole plant - in flower - general view
Cichorium intybus, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, inflorescence - whole - unspecified

Cichorium intybus, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, inflorescence - frontal view of flower
Cichorium intybus, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, leaf - on upper stem

Cichorium intybus, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, stem - showing leaf bases
Cichorium intybus, whole plant - juvenile
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Cichorium intybus, whole plant - juvenile

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Perdita octomaculata @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Aphididae  Macrosiphum ( @ AMNH_PBI (3); NCSU (1)

Nasonovia ( @ AMNH_PBI (5); NCSU (19)

Uroleucon ( @ AMNH_PBI (13); NCSU (9)
Apidae  Apis mellifera @ PN- (2); MLSB__N16- (10)

Bombus bimaculatus @ PN- (3); MLSB__N16- (4)

Bombus fervidus @ PN- (2)

Bombus griseocollis @ PN- (2); MLSB__N16- (4); CUIC_ENT (2)

Bombus impatiens @ PN- (7); MLSB__N16- (2)

Bombus ternarius @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Bombus vagans @ PN- (1)

Ceratina calcarata @ PN- (25); MLSB__N16- (45)

Melissodes bimaculata @ PN- (2); UCMS_ENT (5)

Melissodes bimaculatus @ MLSB__N16- (4)

Peponapis pruinosa @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Triepeolus lunatus @ MLSB__N16- (2)

Xylocopa virginica @ MLSB__N16- (2)
Chrysomelidae  Diabrotica undecimpunctata @ PN- (2); MLSB__N16- (4)
Colletidae  Colletes compactus @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Hylaeus schwarzii @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon sericeus @ PN- (3); MLSB__N16- (3)

Agapostemon splendens/texanus @ PN- (3)

Agapostemon splendens @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Agapostemon texanus @ PN- (5); MLSB__N16- (2)

Agapostemon virescens @ PN- (22); MLSB__N16- (20); CUIC_ENT (3); UCMS_ENT (3)

Agapostemon @ PN- (1)

Augochlora pura @ PN- (11)

Augochlorella aurata @ PN- (1); CUIC_ENT (3)

Dufourea monardae @ BBSL (12)

Halictus confusus @ PN- (4); UCMS_ENT (2)

Halictus ligatus @ PN- (2); MLSB__N16- (3)

Halictus rubicundus @ PN- (1); MLSB__N16- (1); CUIC_ENT (6)

Lasioglossum ( @ PN- (2); MLSB__N16- (6)

Lasioglossum coeruleum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum coriaceum @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum heterognathum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum leucozonium @ UCMS_ENT (12)

Lasioglossum pectorale @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ UCMS_ENT (7)

Lasioglossum quebecense @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum truncatum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum versatum @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Sphecodes davisii @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Megachilidae  Anthidium oblongatum @ PN- (1); MLSB__N16- (3)

Megachile centuncularis @ PN- (3); MLSB__N16- (2)

Megachile mendica @ BBSL (1); MLSB__N16- (2)

Megachile rotundata @ PN- (3); MLSB__N16- (4)

Pseudoanthidium nanum? @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Pseudoanthidium nanum? @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Stelis montana @ BBSL (2)
Miridae  Atractotomus balli @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Scarabaeidae  Popillia japonica @ PN- (1); MLSB__N16- (1)
Syrphidae  Epistrophe @ PN- (3)

Parasyrphus @ PN- (1)

Platycheirus @ PN- (1)

Psilota @ PN- (1)

Sphaerophoria @ PN- (24)

Syritta pipiens @ MLSB__N16- (1)

Toxomerus geminatus @ MLSB__N16- (2)

Toxomerus marginatus @ MLSB__N16- (2)
_  Anthomyiidae @ PN- (6)

Aphididae @ PN- (1)

Arachnida @ PN- (2)

Brachonidae @ PN- (1)

Braconidae @ PN- (1)

Calliphoridae @ PN- (2)

Chloropidae @ PN- (1)

Cicadellidae @ PN- (7)

Diptera @ PN- (1)

Dolichopodidae @ PN- (1)

Formicidae @ PN- (1)

Gryllidae @ PN- (3)

Lasiolgossum ( @ PN- (1)

Miridae @ PN- (2)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
   Top | See original

&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=4&page=903

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Colors

Chicory Cichorium intybus
Asteraceae — Aster family
Non-native
Chicory
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
June 2001 Chicory
Linden Hill Road
July 2009 Chicory Chicory
White Clay Creek State Park -- Judge Morris Estate
July 2012 Chicory
Limestone Road
July 2013

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Cichorium intybus L. f. album Neum.

Cichorium intybus plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To 1.5m tall, glabrous to sparsely strigose and scabrous, herbaceous, branching, erect, with milky sap, from a massive taproot.

Cichorium intybus root Root.

Leaves - Alternate. Basal leaves lyrate pinnatifid, resembling those of the genus Taraxacum , to +30cm long, +6cm wide, toothed, pubescent above and below, hirsute on midrib below. Cauline leaves lanceolate to linear, clasping, entire, much reduced.

Cichorium intybus basals Basal rosette.

Cichorium intybus plant

Inflorescence - Typically 1-3 axillary flowers in upper portion of stems. Some flowers terminal. Lower flowers with reduced leaf(bract) subtending. Upper flowers with no bract or bract reduced and scalelike.

Involucre - Outer phyllaries 5-6mm long, acute, glabrous, +/-2mm broad, bulbous at base, green. Inner phyllaries to 1.1cm long, 2mm broad, linear, acute, typically with scarious margins and lacerate at apex, green.

Ray flowers - Ligule white, 5-toothed at apex, to -2cm long, 5-6mm broad, pubescent externally. Flowers fertile. Anthers pale-yellow to white, 4mm long, connate around style. Style white, bifurcate. Stigmas white. Achenes -2mm long in flower. Pappus of short scales. Receptacle flat.

Cichorium intybus plant

Disc flowers - Absent.

Flowering - May - October.

Habitat - Roadsides, railroads, disturbed sites, waste ground. Also cultivated.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - Chicory is an extremely common roadside weed. At the zoo we feed the plant to many of the animals as a treat. The flowers and leaves go great in salads. The root is used as a flavoring in coffee.
During the hot summer months the flowers only stay open a short time in the morning. As the days cool the flowers stay open nearly all day.
The typical flower color is blue. These blue-flowered plants are form intybus . You can see this form in the "Blue Flowers Alternate" section of this website.

Photographs taken off Prairie View Rd., Platte County, MO., 6-19-00.


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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Cichorium intybus L. - Cichory

Cichorium intybus plant

Family - Asteraceae

Stems - To 1.5m tall, glabrous to sparsely strigose and scabrous, herbaceous, branching, erect, with milky sap, from a massive taproot.

Cichorium intybus stem Stem.

Cichorium intybus root Root.

Leaves - Alternate. Basal leaves lyrate pinnatifid, resembling those of the genus Taraxacum , to +30cm long, +6cm wide, dentate, pubescent above and below, hirsute on midrib below. Cauline leaves lanceolate to linear, clasping, entire, much reduced.

Cichorium intybus leaves

Inflorescence - Typically 1-3 axillary flowers in upper portion of stems. Some flowers terminal. Lower flowers with reduced leaf(bract) subtending. Upper flowers with no bract or bract reduced and scalelike.

Involucre - Outer phyllaries 5-6mm long, acute, glabrous, +/-2mm broad, bulbous at base, green. Inner phyllaries to 1.1cm long, 2mm broad, linear, acute, typically with scarious margins and lacerate at apex, green.

Cichorium intybus involucre Involucre.

Ray flowers - Ligule blue to lilac, 5-toothed at apex, to -2cm long, 5-6mm broad, pubescent externally. Flowers fertile. Anthers blue, 4mm long, connate around style. Style blue above, white below, bifurcate. Stigma blue. Achenes -2mm long in flower. Pappus of short scales. Receptacle flat.

Disc flowers - Absent.

Cichorium intybus flower

Flowering - May - October.

Habitat - Roadsides, railroads, disturbed sites, waste ground. Also cultivated.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - Chicory is an extremely common roadside weed. It is probably the most easily recognizable plant in the state because of its big blue flowers and roadside habitat. During the hot summer months the flowers only stay open a short time in the morning. As the days cool the flowers stay open nearly all day.
The plant shown above is form intybus , having the typical blue corolla. Form album Neum. has white corollas. A third form, form roseum Neum. , has rose-colored corollas, but this plant is not yet spontaneous in this state.

Photographs taken in Eminence, MO., 6-27-03.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   Top | See original

 
Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Asterales  
 Family Compositae  
 Genus Cichorium  
  Cichorium intybus    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Cichorium balearicum Cichorium byzantinum Cichorium caeruleum Cichorium cicorea Cichorium commune Cichorium cosnia Cichorium divaricatum Cichorium glabratum Cichorium glaucum Cichorium hirsutum Cichorium illyricum details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 4: 903, 1998; Wu, S. H., C. F. Hsieh, and Marcel Rejmanek. 2004. Catalogue of the Naturalized Flora of Taiwan. Taiwania
Name Code: 202427
   Alien     
Suggested Link    Discover Life    National Plant Genetic Resources Center    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)  
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http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CIIN ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CIIN
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Cichorium intybus L.
chicory

Image of Cichorium intybus

General Information
Symbol: CIIN
Group: Dicot
Family: Asteraceae
Duration: Biennial
Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Other Common Names: French endive
succory
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cichorium thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, NV. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 305. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
CIINF Cichorium intybus L. var. foliosum Hegi
CIINS2 Cichorium intybus L. var. sativum (Bisch.) Janch.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Asterales
Family Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae – Aster family
Genus Cichorium L. – chicory
Species Cichorium intybus L. – chicory

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Colorado chicory C list (noxious weeds)
U.S. Weed Information
Cichorium intybus blue sailors chicory coffeeweed succory This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (CIIN)
CalPhotos (CIIN)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CIIN)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (CIIN)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (CIIN)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (CIIN)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (CIIN)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (CIIN)
University of Washington Burke Museum (CIIN)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (CIIN)
Related Websites
Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants: dicot pick list (CIIN)
British Columbia Ag. & Food, Crop Protection Program (CIIN)
Medicinal library line drawing (CIIN)
Medicinal library lithograph (CIIN)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 95
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Cichorium intybus%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 5205 1622 2823 0016 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 5205 1622 2823 0018 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0703 0766 [detail]
© 2003 George W. Hartwell

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Common Chicory
ID: 8253 3202 4143 0008 [detail]
Walter Knight
© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 1000 0412 [detail]
© 2000 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0403 0378 [detail]
© 2003 Michael Charters

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0901 0351 [detail]
© 2001 Jeff Abbas

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0899 0001 [detail]
© 1999 Holly Turner

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 9187 3302 4015 0058 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Blue Sailors
ID: 9187 3302 4015 0057 [detail]
Jo-Ann Ordano
© 2000 California Academy of Sciences

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 1000 0411 [detail]
© 2000 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 5205 1622 2823 0017 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Common Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1692 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Common Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0105 1693 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0405 0887 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0405 0886 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0405 0885 [detail]
© 2005 George Rembert

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Common Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0405 1566 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Common Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1218 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Common Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1425 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Common Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1427 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Common Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0505 1468 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Common Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0605 0225 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Cichorium intybus
Cichorium intybus
Chicory
ID: 0000 0000 0605 1102 [detail]
© 2005 Larry Beckerman

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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