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Cyperaceae
SEDGES
Sedge Family; Sedge

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Cyperus
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 10
Cyperus
Cyperus virens, Green flatsedge
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Cyperus virens, Green flatsedge

Scirpus fluviatilis, River Bulrush
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Scirpus fluviatilis, River Bulrush
Scirpus validus, Great Bulrush
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 9
Scirpus validus, Great Bulrush

Carex lurida, Shining Sedge
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Carex lurida, Shining Sedge
Carex kobomugi
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 6
Carex kobomugi

Carex lacustris
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 6
Carex lacustris
Kyllinga odorata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kyllinga odorata

Kyllinga odorata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kyllinga odorata
Kyllinga odorata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kyllinga odorata

Kyllinga odorata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kyllinga odorata
Kyllinga odorata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kyllinga odorata

Kyllinga odorata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kyllinga odorata
Kyllinga odorata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Kyllinga odorata

JP80050 31.sedge.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
sedge
JP80050_31
JP80055 75.Sedge.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Sedge
JP80055_75

JP80055 76.Sedge_seeds.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Sedge seeds
JP80055_76
Kinds

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Prociphilus ( @ NCSU (14)

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Cyperaceae

The Cyperaceae are grasslike, herbaceous plants comprising about 70 genera and 4,000 species, commonly found in wet or saturated conditions. The stems are usually 3-angled and solid. The leaves are alternate, commonly in 3 ranks, usually with a closed sheathing base and a parallel-veined, strap-shaped blade. The flowers are very minute and are bisexual or unisexual. Each floret is in the axil of a chaffy bract and these are arranged spirally or distichously in spikelets. Perianth may be represented by scales or bristles in two whorls or may be entirely lacking. The androecium consists usually of 3 distinct stamens but 1, 2 or rarely 6 may be present. The gynoecium consists of a single compound pistil of usually 2 or 3 carpels, a single style usually with 2 or 3 lobes or branches, and a superior ovary with a single locule containing a single basal ovule. Sometimes the ovary is enveloped by a membranous sac called a perigynium. The fruit is a 3-angled or lens-shaped achene.

Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph.


Bulbostylis capillaris . This sedge is commonly only about 6-9 cm tall and has very small brownish spikelets.
Carex sp., sedge. Note the grasslike leaves. This genus has unisexual flowers. Staminate flowers are found in the axils of purplish bracts in the upper spikelets and pistillate flowers occur in the lower spikelets. Each pistil has a 3-branched style.
Carex wahuensis , sedge. Hawaiian endemic.
Carex sp., sedge. Note the grasslike leaves. This genus has unisexual flowers. Staminate flowers are found in the axils of purplish bracts in the upper spikelets and pistillate flowers occur in the lower spikelets. Each pistil has a 3-branched style.
Cyperus papyrus , papyrus. This is a very large sedge that was cultivated by ancient Egyptians for a variety of uses, including paper.
 

Cyperus rotundus , nut grass, note 3-ranked leaves, triangular culm, flattened spikelets with exserted styles.

 

Cyperus trachysanthos , pu'uka'a, umbrella sedge, endemic to Hawaii.
ela_duls.jpg (9958 bytes) Eleocharis dulcis , spikerush.
Gahnia beecheyi , endemic to Hawai'i.
kyl_nem_cus.jpg (8561 bytes) Kyllinga nemoralis , kili'o'opu.
Lepironia articulata . Note the stamens exserted from the bracts of the spikelets.
Machaerina angustifolia , 'uki, 1-3, Koke'e, Kaua'i, 4-6 - Mt. Ka'ala, O'ahu, indigenous.
Rhynchospora corymbosa
sch_juns.jpg (8112 bytes) Schoenoplectus juncoides , kaluha.
Uncinia uncinata . This unusual native Hawaiian sedge has a hooked rachilla that aids in the dispersal of the fruits by birds. The photo shows one of the fruits attached to fibers of a wool sweater that was worn into the plant's rainforest habitat.

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