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Quercus virginiana Mill.
LIVE OAK
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fagaceae   Quercus

Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Quercus virginiana

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Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Quercus virginiana

Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Quercus virginiana

Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Quercus virginiana

Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus virginiana

Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus virginiana

Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus virginiana

Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Quercus virginiana

Hosts · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  Plantae @ I_GSJW (8)

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aleyrodidae  Aleuroplatus quercusaquaticae @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Tetraleurodes perileuca @ CSCA_TCN (3)
Arthoniaceae  Arthonia cinnabarina @ GAL (1)

Cryptothecia rubrocincta @ GAL (1)

Cryptothecia rubrocinta @ GAL (1)
Cicadellidae  Empoasca fabae @ III (1)

Erasmoneura vulnerata @ III (1)

Eratoneura gemina @ III (1)

Erythridula similalis @ III (1)
Cladoniaceae  Cladonia subradiata @ GAL (3)
Coccidae  Parthenolecanium quercifex @ MEMU_ENT (3)
Collemataceae  Leptogium austroamericanum @ GAL (1)

Leptogium cyanescens @ GAL (2)
Diaspididae  Chrysomphalus obscurus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Diaspidiotus juglansregiae @ UCR_ENT (1)

Melanaspis obscura @ MEMU_ENT (1); CSCA_TCN (1)

Quernaspis quercus @ MEMU_ENT (4)
Gomphillaceae  Gyalideopsis submonospora @ GAL (1)
Graphidaceae  Graphina xylophaga @ GAL (1)

Phaeographis lobata @ GAL (1)
Haematommataceae  Haematomma accolens @ I_GBP (1)
Kermesidae  Allokermes cueroensis @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Allokermes galliformis @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Lecanoraceae  Lecanora caesiorubella @ I_GBP (1)
Margarodidae  Kuwania quercus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Membracidae  Archasia belfragei @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Cyrtolobus clarus @ UDCC_TCN (19)

Cyrtolobus dixianus @ UDCC_TCN (9)

Cyrtolobus fenestratus @ UDCC_TCN (4)

Cyrtolobus inermis @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Cyrtolobus rufulus @ UDCC_TCN (272); NCSU (9)

Cyrtolobus tuberosus @ UDCC_TCN (320); NCSU (21)

Microcentrus perditus @ NCSU (2)

Ophiderma definita @ UDCC_TCN (4)

Ophiderma flavicephala @ UDCC_TCN (4)

Platycotis vittata @ UDCC_TCN (5); NCSU (25)

Smilia camelus @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Smilia fasciata @ UDCC_TCN (10); NCSU (1)

Telamona salvini @ NCSU (1)

Xantholobus nigrocinctus @ UDCC_TCN (5); UDCC_NRI (5)

Xantholobus tumidus @ UDCC_TCN (20)
Miridae  Americodema nigrolineatum @ AMNH_PBI (2); AMNH_ENT (10)

Atractotomus miniatus @ AMNH_PBI (13)

Ceratocapsus bifurcus @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Ceratocapsus lutescens @ AMNH_PBI (7)

Coridromius chenopoderis @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Deraeocoris cerachates @ NCSU (2)

Deraeocoris sayi @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Gn_orthotylinigp11 sp_002 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp28 sp_002 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_orthotylinigp29 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Goodeniaphila cassisi @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Hamatophylus guttulosus @ AMNH_PBI (63)

Lopidea heidemanni @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Neocapsus leviscutatus @ AMNH_IZC (17)

Plagiognathus lineatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Pseudoxenetus regalis @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Taedia johnstoni @ NCSU_ENT (1)
Parmeliaceae  Canoparmelia caroliniana @ GAL (1)

Canoparmelia cryptochlorophaea @ GAL (2)

Canoparmelia texana @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema dilatatum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema hypoleucinum @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema rampoddense @ GAL (1)

Parmotrema tinctorum @ GAL (1)

Pseudoparmelia uleana @ GAL (3)

Usnea strigosa @ GAL (1)
Physciaceae  Amandinea @ GAL (1)

Buellia wheeleri @ GAL (1)

Dirinaria aegialita @ GAL (1)

Dirinaria confusa @ I_GBP (1)

Heterodermia albicans @ GAL (1)

Heterodermia obscurata @ GAL (2)

Physcia atrostriata @ GAL (1)

Physcia millegrana @ GAL (1)

Pyxine cocoes @ GAL (1)

Pyxine subcinerea @ GAL (1)
Pyrenulaceae  Pyrenula ochraceoflavens @ GAL (1)
Ramalinaceae  Phyllopsora confusa @ I_GBP (1)
Reduviidae  Zelus luridus @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Roccellaceae  Enterographa anguinella @ I_GBP (1)
Stereocaulaceae  Lepraria lobificans @ GAL (1)

Lepraria @ GAL (1)
Thelotremataceae  Myriotrema rugiferum @ GAL (1)
Trypetheliaceae  Polymeridium catapastum @ GAL (1)
_  Caliciales @ GAL (1)

Ceratocapsidea balli @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Ceratocapsidea fusiformis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Gn_ms_naranjakotta sp_ms_hakeaphila @ AMNH_PBI (1)

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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUVI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUVI
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=QUVI ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUVI
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUVI ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUVI
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Quercus virginiana Mill.
live oak

Image of Quercus virginiana

General Information
Symbol: QUVI
Group: Dicot
Family: Fagaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Other Common Names: southeastern live oak
southern live oak
Virginia live oak
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Quercus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Australia, New South Wales, Sydney, Royal Botanic Gardens. March 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Australia, New South Wales, Sydney, Royal Botanic Gardens. March 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . United States, FL. Usage Requirements .

©Mark W. Skinner. United States, LA, Plaquemines Co., Mississippi River Delta. July 12, 1982. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL. Usage Requirements .

Paul S. Carter. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL, Ocala National Forest. 1935. Usage Requirements .

P. Freeman Heim. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, FL, Ocala National Forest. 1971. Usage Requirements .

C.R. Lockard. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, LA. 1951. Usage Requirements .

Bluford W. Muir. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, LA, New Orleans, Audubon Park. 1937. Usage Requirements .

Robert W. Neelands. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, LA. 1959. Usage Requirements .

Robert W. Neelands. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, LA, Taft. 1959. Usage Requirements .

Robert W. Neelands. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, LA, Taft. 1959. Usage Requirements .

J.H. Stoeckeler. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, OK, Greer Co. 1936. Usage Requirements .

R.K. Winters. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, LA, New Orleans. 1932. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MS, Jackson Co., Oceana Springs. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MS, Jackson Co., Oceana Springs. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, SC, Middleton Gardens. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, SC, Beaufort Co., Frampton Plantation House. October 27, 2011. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, SC, Beaufort Co., Frampton Plantation House. October 27, 2011. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, SC, Beaufort Co., Frampton Plantation House. October 27, 2011. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, FL, Brevard Co., Erna Nixon Park. October 6, 2011. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, FL, Brevard Co., Erna Nixon Park. October 6, 2011. Usage Requirements .

©Rebecca Weller. TreesForMe . United States, FL, Brevard Co. June 5, 2011. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 1: 625. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Hamamelididae
Order Fagales
Family Fagaceae – Beech family
Genus Quercus L. – oak
Species Quercus virginiana Mill. – live oak

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast UPL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (QUVI)
CalPhotos (QUVI)
Flora of North America (QUVI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (QUVI)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (QUVI)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (QUVI)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (QUVI)
Native Plants Network (QUVI)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (QUVI)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (QUVI)
Related Websites
AL-Alabama Forestry Commission (QUVI)
AL-Trees of Alabama and the Southeast (QUVI)
AZ-Pima County Cooperative Extension (QUVI)
Arboles Ornamentales (En Espanol) (QUVI)
FL-Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants (University of Florida) (QUVI)
FL-Florida Nature (QUVI)
FL-Natives For Your Neighborhood (QUVI)
FL-USFS Plant Fact Sheet (QUVI)
Forestry Images (QUVI)
NC-Native Plant Fact Sheet (NCSU) (QUVI)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (QUVI)
Smithsonian Institution (QUVI)
TX-Native Trees of Texas (QUVI)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (QUVI)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (QUVI)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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87. Quercus virginiana Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. Quercus no. 16. 1768.

Southern live oak

Quercus virginiana Miller var. eximea Sargent

Trees, sometimes shrubs , subevergreen, trees to 35 m, shrubs sometimes rhizomatous. Bark dark brown or black, scaly. Twigs yellowish to light gray, 1-3 mm diam., minutely puberulent or stellate-pubescent, glabrate in 2d year. Buds reddish or dark brown, subglobose or ovate, 1-2 mm; scale margins glabrous or puberulent. Leaves: petiole 1-10(-20) mm. Leaf blade obovate to oblanceolate, sometimes orbiculate or lance-ovate, ± planar, (10-)35-90(-150) × (15-)20-40(-85) mm, base cuneate to rounded, rarely truncate or cordate, margins minutely revolute or flat, entire or irregularly 1-3-toothed on each side, teeth mucronate, secondary veins obscure, 6-9(-12) on each side, apex obtuse-rounded or acute; surfaces abaxially whitish or glaucous, densely covered with minute, appressed, fused-stellate hairs, light green and glabrate in shade leaves, adaxially dark or light green, glossy, glabrous or with minute, scattered, stellate hairs. Acorns 1-3, on peduncle (3-)10-20 mm; cup hemispheric or deeply goblet-shaped, 8-15 mm deep × 8-15 mm wide, base often constricted; scales whitish or grayish, proximally thickened, keeled, tomentulose, tips reddish, acute-attenuate, glabrous or puberulent; nut dark brown, barrel-shaped, ovoid, or obcylindric, 15-20(-25) × 8-15 mm, apex rounded or blunt, glabrous. Cotyledons connate.

Flowering late winter-early spring. Coastal plain, open evergreen woodlands, scrublands, and hummocks on loam, clay, and rarely on sand on immediate coast; 0-200 m; Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tex., Va.

Quercus virginiana is one of the commonest and best known species in the coastal region of the southeastern United States. In the past, it was widely used for structural pieces in the manufacture of wooden ships, and large groves were actually considered a strategic resource by the federal government. Historically oil pressed from the acorns was utilized. Like other members of the live oak group ( Q . minima , Q . geminata , and Q . fusiformis ), Q . virginiana seedlings form swollen hypocotyls that may develop into large, starchy, underground tubers. In the past, the tubers were gathered, sliced, and fried like potatoes for human consumption. The tendency for the tree members of this group to produce rhizomatous growth and clonal shrubs in juvenile stages, and in response to damage, fire, and poor soil conditions, has led to considerable confusion in delimiting the species. This is exacerbated by considerable plasticity in leaf form. When evaluating specimens an effort should be made to sample broadly within a population. The tuberous condition mentioned above suggests that live oaks have different phases in their life history that may persist depending on the environmental conditions. This is not uncommon in other woody plants that occur in seasonally dry, fire-prone habitats of the southeastern United States.

The Houma used Quercus virginiana medicinally for healing dysentery (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Putative hybrids between Quercus virginiana and Q . minima are known, but care should be taken to avoid assigning hybrid status to clonal phases of Q . virginiana solely on the basis of habit. Hybrids with Q . fusiformis and Q . geminata are discussed under those species. Occasional putative hybrids with Q . stellata are also found, and those tend to be semi-evergreen with shallowly lobed leaves.

Some named putative hybrids are: Q . × burnetensis Little (= Q . macrocarpa × Q . virginiana ); Q . × comptonae Sargent (= Q . lyrata × Q . virginiana ); and the artificially produced hybrid, Q . × nessiana E. J. Palmer (= Q . bicolor × Q . virginiana ).

Following modified from CalPhotos
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 15
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Quercus virginiana%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
Live Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0674 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
Live Oak
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0208 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
Live oak
ID: 0000 0000 1102 0200 [detail]
© 2002 University of California Museum of Paleontology

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
Southern Live Oak
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1071 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
Southern Live Oak
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1072 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
Southern Live Oak
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1073 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
Southern Live Oak
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1074 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
Southern Live Oak
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1075 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
Southern Live Oak
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1076 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1082 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 0816 1083 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2757 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2758 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2759 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Quercus virginiana
Quercus virginiana
ID: 0000 0000 1116 2783 [detail]
© 2016 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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