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Serenoa repens (W. Bartram) Small
SAW PALMETTO
Saw-Palmetto

Life   Plantae   Monocotyledoneae   Arecaceae   Serenoa

Serenoa repens
© Copyright Joshua Wimberly 2012 · 5
Serenoa repens

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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
_  Plantae @ I_GSJW (13)

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FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Miridae  Gn_orthotylinigp7 sp_001 @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Myrtlemiris tesselatus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus sp_ms_glaucophylla @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Orthotylus sp_ms_sydneyensis @ AMNH_PBI (1)
Reduviidae  Apiomerus crassipes @ MEMU_ENT (3)

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SERE2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SERE2
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=SERE2 ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SERE2
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SERE2 ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=SERE2
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Serenoa repens (W. Bartram) Small
saw palmetto

Image of Serenoa repens

General Information
Symbol: SERE2
Group: Monocot
Family: Arecaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Tree
Native Status : L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
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green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Serenoa thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Erica Asai. United States, FL, Columbia Co, Osceola National Forest. April 8, 2007. Usage Requirements .

©Erica Asai. United States, FL, Columbia Co, Osceola National Forest. March 21, 2007. Usage Requirements .

©Erica Asai. United States, FL, Columbia Co, Osceola National Forest. March 21, 2007. Usage Requirements .

©Richard A. Howard. Provided by Smithsonian Institution, Richard A. Howard Photograph Collection . United States, FL, Palm Beach. Usage Requirements .

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species . South National Technical Center, Fort Worth. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Suzanne Foster. Provided by USDA Forest Service . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
BRSE3 Brahea serrulata (Michx.) H. Wendl.
CORE8 Corypha repens W. Bartram
SESE10 Serenoa serrulata (Michx.) G. Nicholson

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Subclass Arecidae
Order Arecales
Family Arecaceae ⁄ Palmae – Palm family
Genus Serenoa Hook. f. – serenoa
Species Serenoa repens (W. Bartram) Small – saw palmetto

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (SERE2)
Flora of North America (SERE2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BRSE3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CORE8)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SERE2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (SESE10)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (SERE2)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (SERE2)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (SERE2)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (SERE2)
Related Websites
Herbal Information Resources (SERE2)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Moderate
Yarrow Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller
Yarrow

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 22 | Arecaceae | Serenoa

1. Serenoa repens (W. Bartram) Small, Journal of the New York Botanical Garden. 27: 197. 1926.

Saw palmetto

Corypha repens W. Bartram, Travels Carolina, 61. 1791; Brahea serrulata (Michaux) H. Wendland; Chamaerops serrulata Michaux; Corypha obliqua W. Bartram; Sabal serrulata (Michaux) Nuttall ex Schultes & Schultes f.; Serenoa serrulata (Michaux) G. Nicholson

Stems usually creeping, branched, sometimes ascending, to 1--3 m. Leaves yellow-green, green, or silvery green, stiff; petioles finely to strongly serrate; hastula present on both sides of leafabaxially and adaxially. Flowers creamy white, fragrant, 4--5 mm. Fruits ripening from green through orange to black, length ca. 2 cm, diam. 1 cm. 2n = 36.

Flowering spring. Pinelands, dunes, sand pine scrub, mesic hammocks and woodlands, plants colonial, often forming dense stands in the understory; 0--50 m; Ala., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., S.C.

The range of this species extends from Beaufort, Jasper, Colletin, and Charleston counties, South Carolina to St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana. Reports of it from Arkansas, North Carolina, and Texas are in error.

Two or three leaf-color morphs are found in Serenoa (A. D. Hawkes 1950). The green type is more widespread, and the glaucous or blue-gray type seems to be more abundant in coastal sites of southeastern Florida. Serenoa repens forma glauca Moldenke was described as differing from the typical form of the species in having glaucous leaf blades (H. N. Moldenke 1967). Since a type specimen for S. repens is lacking, it is impossible to know if Moldenke's form differs from the type. The genetic basis for these color differences is not understood.

Serenoa repens apparently is pollinated by bees. Flowering and fruiting are not necessarily annual events, and some years see more abundant flowering than others (J. B. Hilmon 1968). Even when flowering is abundant, fruit production is erratic (D. Smith 1972); the causes are quite unknown. When fruits are present, they are eagerly sought by black bears (D. S. Maehr 1984; D. S. Maehr and J. R. Brady 1984), white-tailed deer (R. F. Harlow 1961), raccoons, foxes, opossums, and various birds (J. B. Hilmon 1968).

Serenoa fruits are the source of a steroidal drug that inhibits the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, which binds to receptors in the prostate gland and in hair follicles (B. C. Bennett and J. R. Hicklin, in press1998). This inhibition is the biochemical basis for the use of Serenoa extracts in treating benign prostrate swelling and baldness. Bennett and Hicklin provided a complete review of the uses of Serenoa in traditional and modern medicine, as well as its use as a fiber and thatch plant.

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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 1
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Serenoa repens%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Serenoa repens
Serenoa repens
Saw Palmetto
ID: 0000 0000 0607 1355 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Mark S. Brunell

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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