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Cirrhitidae
HAWKFISHES
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Cirrhitichthys oxycephalus
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Cirrhitichthys oxycephalus
Cirrhitichthys oxycephalus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Cirrhitichthys oxycephalus

Oxycirrhites
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Oxycirrhites
Oxycirrhites typus
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Oxycirrhites typus

Cirrhitus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Cirrhitus
Cirrhitus rivulatus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Cirrhitus rivulatus

Cirrhitus rivulatus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Cirrhitus rivulatus
Cirrhitidae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Cirrhitidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • rear nostril: bunch cirri
  • d: spines with cirri
  • pectoral: lower rays thick
FAMILY CIRRHITIDAE

HAWKFISHES

Hawkfishes are characterized by thickened pectoral rays and frilly threads at the tip of each dorsal spine. The lower rays of the pectoral are stout, with membrane deeply notched, and are adapted for perching on the bottom or wedging amongst coral branches. This thickening is readily apparent in the Giant Hawkfish, often found in surge areas, and is weakly developed in the Longnose Hawkfish, which lives in deeper water. The dorsal fin has X spines and 11-17 soft ray; the front nostrils also have cirri; the operculum has a flat, skin covered spine.

Hawkfishes are colorful reef dwellers that occur in most tropical seas. They are largely sedentary, remaining motionless on the bottom for long intervals, periodically swimming to a new vantage point on the reef surface. Hawkfishes feed chiefly on small fishes, but also consume a variety of crabs, shrimps, and other crustaceans.

Worldwide the family is represented by 27 species in nine genera. The group was revised by Randall (1963). In our region there are 1 endemic species and 2 Indo-Pacific species, from 3 different genera.


References
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  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
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  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part II., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:1241-2183.
  • Jordan , and McGregor,., 1898., List of fishes collected at the Revillagigedo archipelago and neighboring islands., Rept. U.S. Fisheries Comm., 24:271-284.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
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  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • McCosker , J.E. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 1975., Fishes collected at Malpelo Island. In Graham, J.B. (ed.) The Biological Investigation of Malpelo Island, Colombia., Smithsonian Contrib. Zool., 176:91-93.
  • Molina, L., Danulat, E., Oviedo, M., González, J.A., 2004., Guía de especies de interés pesquero en la Reserva Marina de Galápagos., Fundación Charles Darwin / Agencia Espeñola de Cooperación Internacional / Dirección Parque Nacional Galápagos, 115pp.
  • Nelson, J.S., 1984., Fishes of the World (Third edition)., John Wiley and Sons:523pp.
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  • Ramírez Rodríguez, M., 1997., Producción pesquera en la Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:273-282.
  • Randall, J.E., 2001., Revision of the generic classification of the hawkfishes (Cirrhitidae), with descriptions of three new genera., Zootaxa, 12:1-12.
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  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
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  • Rubio, E.A., 1986., Notas sobre la ictiofauna de la Isla de Gorgona, Colombia., Boletin Ecotropica. Univ. Bog. Jorge Tadeo Lozano, 13:86-112.
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  • Sánchez Ortíz , C. , Arreola Robles , J. L. , Aburto Oropeza , O. and Cortés Hernández, M., 1997., Peces de arrecife en la región de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:189-200.
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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