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Haemulidae
GRUNTS
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Pomadasys branickii
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Pomadasys branickii
Pomadasys macracanthus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Pomadasys macracanthus

Pomadasys panamensis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Pomadasys panamensis
Pomadasys bayanus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Pomadasys bayanus

Pomadasys bayanus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Pomadasys bayanus
Pomadasys branickii
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Pomadasys branickii

Anisotremus interruptus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Anisotremus interruptus
Haemulopsis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Haemulopsis

Haemulopsis elongatus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Haemulopsis elongatus
Haemulopsis leuciscus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Haemulopsis leuciscus

Haemulopsis nitidus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Haemulopsis nitidus
Haemulopsis nitidus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Haemulopsis nitidus

Haemulopsis leuciscus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Haemulopsis leuciscus
Haemulopsis axillaris
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Haemulopsis axillaris

Haemulidae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Haemulidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • scales between eye and mouth
  • oblong compressed body
  • 1 d
  • chin: 2-6 pores + pit
  • mouth small, teeth conical
  • preopercle serrated
FAMILY HAEMULIDAE

GRUNTS, PORKFISHES, SALEMAS

Grunts generally resemble snappers (Lutjanidae), but differ in having a smaller mouth, the teeth in the jaws that are small and conical, with none developed as canines, pores under the chin and scales between the eye and mouth. There is a single dorsal fin, except in Xenocys (two dorsals) and in Xenichthys and Xenistius the dorsal is very deeply notched. Dorsal and anal fin ray counts are highly variable; the number of dorsal spines, which range from IX to XIV, is often useful in identifying a particular genus.

The common name is derived from their habit of emitting grunting noises that results from grinding the upper and lower pharyngeal teeth. This sound is greatly amplified by the gas bladder. Grunts are primarily nocturnal. During the day they shelter in the reef, then disperse for feeding at dusk. Many of the eastern Pacific species form huge daytime resting aggregations next to the reef. The diet of grunts consists of a wide variety of benthic invertebrates; although the young may feed predominately on plankton. The flesh is generally considered to be good eating. Most of the species have distinctive markings and are readily recognized, except species of Pomadasys are often similar in appearance and their correct identity may present a challenge. The family was formerly known as Pomadasyidae.

The grunts are a family of small to medium-sized fishes that occur worldwide in tropical and temperate seas. The group contains about 17 or 18 genera and approximately 150 species. A total of 35 species in 10 genera occur in the tropical eastern Pacific; all are endemics.


References
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