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Odontaspididae
SAND TIGERS
Sandtiger sharks

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Odontaspis ferox
© Copyright Clay Bryce, 2006 · 0
Odontaspis ferox
Odontaspis ferox
© Copyright Clay Bryce, 2006 · 0
Odontaspis ferox

Odontaspis ferox
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Odontaspis ferox
Odontaspididae
© Copyright Clay Bryce, 2006 · 0
Odontaspididae
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Overview
Main identification features
  • snout conical, bulbous; eye small
  • heavy body, broad fins
  • c: asymmetric
  • teeth: slender, curved, multiple rows
  • gill slits: 5, before pectoral
FAMILY ODONTASPIDIDAE

SANDTIGER SHARKS

These are large, bulky sharks with a pointed snout, a long mouth extending rearwards well past the eyes, a pair of similar sized dorsal fins, and large dagger-like teeth. The family contains two genera, each with two species. They are distributed in all tropical and temperate seas. A single species occurs in our region.

Normally there are two young per litter, one from each uterus, although considerably more egg cases are produced. It is believed that the larger embryo eats fertilized eggs and smaller embryos within the uterus until the time of birth. These sharks are active predators of a variety of small to moderately large fishes, small sharks, rays, squids, crabs, and lobsters. Although they are mainly inoffensive and non- aggressive if left alone, they have a reputation as man eaters. This notoriety probably is undeserved and likely stems from confusion with certain requiem sharks (Carcharhinidae).


References
  • Bellido-Millán, J.M. and Villavicencio-Garayzar, C.J., 2002., Pesqueria artesanal de tiburon en la region central del Golfo de California. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:143-152.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1999., Checklist of living elasmobranchs. In Hamlett W.C. (ed.) Sharks, skates, and rays: the biology of elasmobranch fishes., The John Hopkins University Press:471-498.
  • Compagno, L.J.V., 1984., Sharks of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of sharks species known to date. Part 1. Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Species Catalogue., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 4(1):1-249.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen II. Vertebrados - Parte 1., FAO2:647-1200.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Nelson, J.S., 1984., Fishes of the World (Third edition)., John Wiley and Sons:523pp.
  • Risso, A., 1810., Ichthyologie de Nice, ou histoire naturelle des poissons du département des Alpes Maritimes. F. Schoell, Paris., Ichthyol. Nice, :1-388.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985., Clupeoid fishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, anchovies and wolf-herrings. Part 1. Chirocentridae, Clupeidae and Pristigasteridae. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 7., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 125(1):1-303.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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