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Ophidiidae
CUSK-EELS
Cuskeels

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Neobythites stelliferoides
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Neobythites stelliferoides
Ophidion imitator
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ophidion imitator

Ophidion imitator
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ophidion imitator
Ophidion
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ophidion

Ophidion fulvum
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ophidion fulvum
Ophidion imitator
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ophidion imitator

Ophidion sp sftep a
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ophidion sp_sftep_a
Brotula ordwayi
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Brotula ordwayi

Brotula multibarbata
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Brotula multibarbata
Brotula clarkae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Brotula clarkae

Brotula clarkae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Brotula clarkae
Brotula clarkae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Brotula clarkae

Lepophidium
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Lepophidium
Lepophidium microlepis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Lepophidium microlepis

Ophidiidae
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Ophidiidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • nostrils at front snout
  • no opercular spine
  • dorsal, anal and tail fins continuous
  • chin +/- barbels
  • pelvics: threads under eye
FAMILY OPHIDIIDAE

CUSKEELS

These fishes have an elongate, more or less eel-like body with the long-based dorsal and anal fins continuous with the tail fin; the pelvic fins are either absent or consist of one or two slender filamentous rays are close together and are situated under the eye; some species have barbels around the mouth. Unlike the similar-appearing brotulas (Family Bythitidae), cuskeels are egg layers, and males therefore lack specialised copulatory organs. These reef-dwelling fishes are rarely seen because of their cryptic habits. They hide in caves and crevices during the day and periodically emerge from cover at night to feed on crustaceans and fishes.

The family occurs worldwide in both shallow and deep seas. It contains about 48 genera and 217 species. Nineteen species in seven genera occur in our region.


References
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  • Balart , E. F. , Castro-Aguirre , J. L. , Aurioles-Gamboa , D. , García-Rodriguez , F. and Villavicencio-Garayzar, C., 1995., Adiciones a la ictiofauna de Bahía de la Paz, Baja California Sur, México., Hidrobiologica, 5:79-85.
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1936., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Heterosomata to Pediculati from Panama to Lower California., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(3):1-56.
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  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Franke , R. and Acero P., A., 1995., Las Especies Colombianas del Genero Brotula (Pisces: Ophidiidae)., Caldasia, 17:597-602.
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  • Gilbert, C.H., 1891., Scientific results of explorations by the U. S. Fish Commission steamer "Albatross". A supplementary list of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and Panama, with descriptions of one new genus and three new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 13:449-455.
  • Girard, C., 1858., Fishes. In General report upon zoology fo the several Pacific railrad routes, 1857., U. S. Senate Misc. Doc., (78):1-400.
  • Heller , E. and Snodgrass, R.E., 1903., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XV. New fishes., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 5:189-229.
  • Hildebrand , S.F. and Barton, O., 1949., A collection of fishes from Talara, Perú., Smithsonian Miscellaneus Collections, 111:1-36.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Hubbs, C.L., 1916., Notes on the Marine Fishes of California., Univ. Calif. Pubs. Zool., 16:153-169.
  • Hubbs, C.L., 1944., Species of the circumtropical fish genus Brotula., Copeia, 1944(3):162-178.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part III., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:2183-3136.
  • Kendall , W.C. and Radcliffe, L., 1912., The shore fishes. Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer ALBATROSS, from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garret, U.S.N., Commanding. XXV., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 35(3):75-171.
  • Lea , R. N. and Béarez, F., 1999., Occurrence of Chilara taylori (Ophidiidae), an eastern north pacific cusk-eel from ecuadorian waters., Cybium, 23:99-100.
  • Lea, R. N., 1980., Systematics and zoogeogaphy of cusk-eels of the family Ophidiidae, subfamily Ophiddinae, from the eastern pacific ocean., University of Miami:188pp.
  • Lea, R. N., 1997., A new and unique ophidiine cusk-eel from the panamic region of the eastern north pacific., Bull. Mar. Sci., 60:960-965.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • McCosker , J.E. , Merlen , G. , Long , D.J. , Gilmore , R.G. and Villon, C., 1997., Deepslope fishes collected during the 1995 eruption of isla Fernandina, Galapagos., Charles Darwin Foundation, Noticias de Galápagos., 58:22-26.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1928., The marine fishes of Panama. Part III., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:709-1045.
  • Nelson, J.S., 1984., Fishes of the World (Third edition)., John Wiley and Sons:523pp.
  • Nielsen , J. G. , Cohen , D. M. , Markle , D. F. and Robins, C. R., 1999., Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes)., FAO Fish. Synop. No 125, 18(125):1-177.
  • Osburn , R. C. and Nichols, J. T., 1916., Shore Fishes Collected by the 'Albatross' Expedition in Lower California with Descriptions of New Species., Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 35:139-181.
  • Pérez-Mellado, J., Findley, LL. F., 1985., Evaluación de la ictiofauna acompañante del camarón capturado en las costas de Sonora y norte de Sinaloa, México. In Yáñez-Arancibia, A. (Ed.) Recursos pesqueros potenciales de México: La pesca acompañante del camarón., Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México: Cap. 5:201-254.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Robins , C. R. and Lea, R. N., 1978., Fishes of the family Ophidiidae. IX. Analysis of geographic variation in Lepophidium microlepis with descriptions of two new subspecies., Bull. Mar. Sci., 28:716-727.
  • Robins, C. R., 1962., Studies on fishes of the Family Ophidiidae-VII. The Pacific Species of Lepophidium., Copeia, 1962:487-498.
  • Rubio , R. E. A. and Estupiñan, F., 1990., Ictiofauna del Parque Nacional Natural Sanquianga, un Analisis de su Estructura y Perspectivas para su Manejo., Memorias del VII Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias y Tecnologías del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :660-670.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Snodgrass , R. E. and Heller, E., 1905., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XVII. Shorefishes of the Revillagigedo, Clipperton, Cocos and Galapagos Island., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 6:333-427.
  • Temminck,C. J., Schlegel, H., 1846., Pisces, Fauna Japonica Parts 10-14: 173-269. See Temminck & Schlegel 1843., Fauna Japonica, 0:173-269.
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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